Vulnerability and violence to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals

Vulnerability and violence to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals

Physical Violence and vulnerability to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals to understand the perceptions of teenagers whom identify themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and determine correlations that are possible vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

Descriptive study by having an approach that is qualitative with the social representation concept as well as the idea of vulnerability with thematic content analysis, carried call at the immunodeficiency condition control center of a general public college within the Southeast area of Brazil, which offered multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids clients. Thirteen seroconverted young adults aged between 13 and 24 years took part in the analysis. The choice criterion ended up being guys whom identified by themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals, based on terminology found in the Epidemiologic Bulletin on Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS regarding the Brazilian Ministry of wellness.

Four thematic groups were discovered: “homophobia and bullying”, “sexual, domestic, and institutional violence”, “search for support”, and “love and passion”.

Young homosexuals and bisexuals experienced repeated circumstances of punishment throughout youth and adolescence, perceiving intimate, domestic, and violence that is institutional the absolute most painful and hard to confront, and which correlate to vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

Illness by the individual immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has documents of their historic show in Brazil since 1984. Right from the start of this epidemic as much as the current times, significant epidemiological modifications had been based in the populace impacted. Into the decade that is first with small knowledge on HIV and Aids, adult homosexuals, injection drug users, and intercourse employees were the absolute most predominant, representing significantly more than 70% associated with the notified situations. In mid 1990, the illness became common amongst heterosexual women and men with low education and income degree. afterwards, older people additionally became target for the HIV as a result of factors that are several such granny stripchat as for instance upsurge in durability, not enough information, and private values distinct from safe intercourse techniques. ( 1 , 2 )

Among kids, notification situations had been constantly increasing, particularly related to straight transmission. Nonetheless, at the time of 2009, a brand new improvement in the epidemiological profile of HIV/Aids had been discovered. The notifications revealed a significant increase among homosexual and bisexual men aged between 13 and 24 years. The amount of notifications nevertheless continues to be in a growing curve through to the year that is current. ( 1 ) This aspect has triggered shock and concern in scientists, educators, activists, and health care specialists, such as for instance nurses whom offer care to these people that are young. ( 3 5 ) issues are specially directed towards vulnerability for this population, whom, unlike older people and kiddies, has knowledge and quick access to informative data on preventive measures to HIV/Aids.

Numerous scientists bring nuances in their studies, regarding the circumstances of physical physical violence within the life of young adults; nevertheless, without further deepening and gaps that are leaving the relationship of physical physical violence with all the vulnerability of teenage boys who’ve intercourse with guys. ( 3 7 ) consequently, the question that is following: “Does physical violence, with its various kinds, make young homosexuals and bisexuals at risk of HIV/Aids?” Consequently, the objective of the writers associated with the current research ended up being to understand the perceptions of young adults whom identify on their own as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and recognize feasible correlations with vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

A descriptive research having an approach that is qualitative carried call at the immunodeficiency condition control center of the general general public college into the Southeast area of Brazil, which supplies multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids patients.

The social representation concept while the notion of vulnerability had been utilized as theoretical methodological framework. The very first seeks knowledge descends from everyday life to cope with a specific topic, rendering it familiar, along with searching for measurements regarding the imaginary and affective, transcending dichotomy between cognition and feeling. ( 8 ) The second examines early speeches of vulnerability to HIV, understanding them and producing substrates to intervene on it within the three interdependent plans proposed: specific, social, and programmatic. ( 9 )

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